Tourist Guides – Island Gourmet Safaris http://islandgourmetsafaris.com/ Wed, 02 Jun 2021 07:17:40 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/island-gourmet-safaris-icon-150x150.png Tourist Guides – Island Gourmet Safaris http://islandgourmetsafaris.com/ 32 32 Government initiatives https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/government-initiatives/ https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/government-initiatives/#respond Wed, 02 Jun 2021 06:10:36 +0000 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/government-initiatives/

Countering the Covid19

LG Manoj Sinha receives first vaccine against COVID-19

The government of Jammu and Kashmir said 62% of people aged 45 had been vaccinated, compared to a national average of 32%. For this age group, four districts have so far achieved 90 percent coverage. The government has stated that it is further expected that the remaining population in the 45 and over age category will be covered in a few days. Based on the likely flow of vaccines in the coming months, the government announced that the vaccination program for the 18-45 age group with an estimated population of 60 lakh would be systematically and gradually stepped up to give priority is given to covering high-risk people. and vulnerable groups.

In the 18-45 age group, the most at risk and vulnerable groups have already been identified and are being inoculated gradually.

The rescue package

Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha chairs board meeting

Last week, the government of Jammu and Kashmir said aid had been extended to around 40 lakh beneficiaries under various social assistance schemes. As part of the interest subsidy, about 3.50 lakh borrowers received payments of 5% interest subsidy worth Rs 200 crore. Regarding the benefits given to construction workers, the government has stated that the first installment of over Rs 34.50 crore had been paid to 3,49,303 active construction workers at the rate of Rs 1,000 per beneficiary. In addition, Rs 5.6 crore was provided for around 28,000 Shikarawalas / Ponywalas / Dandiwalas / Palkiwalas /Tour guides at Rs 1000 per month per beneficiary for two months of relief – 14,627 from Kashmir and 13,153 from Jammu Division.

As part of the Covid19 mitigation measures, Rs 55 crore has been provided to all District Development Commissioners at the rate of Rs 2.25 crore each and Rs 5 crore to each Divisional Commissioner of Jammu and Kashmir. The government also said that Rs 2000 were each paid to 9.5 lakh farmers under PM-KISAN Yojna involving a total amount of Rs 190 crore. The rural development department provided employment to 26,673 households covering 35,484 people, involving Rs 8.21 crore under MGNREGA in April and May 2021. About 7.10 lakh retirees received their pension amounting to Rs 71 crore in title of the ISSS pension for the month of April. Under the Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme, the amount amounts to Rs. 25.68 crore for the months of March and April were paid in favor of retirees of 1.28 lakh (via DBT).

Inaugurate agriculture

Kashmiri Muslim villagers thrash paddy after a harvest in Mirgund Central Kashmir on Wednesday October 3rd 2018
PHOTO BY BILAL BAHADUR

The Indian government has sanctioned the establishment of three joint incubation facility centers worth Rs 7.81 crore in Anantnag, Baramulla and Jammu. The first incubation facility center will be established in Anantnag with an estimated cost of Rs 2.70 crore, which will focus on processing fish and fishery products. The Center will aim for a multiple increase in fish production, processing, packaging and export to different regions of the country as well as abroad.

The second center will be established in Narwal, Jammu, with an estimated cost of Rs 2.68 crore for processing dairy products. The government is paying special attention to increasing milk production and Jammu and Kashmir is likely to turn into surplus milk territory.

The third facility will be established in Baramulla for the processing of apples and other fruits and vegetables. This will give a new dimension to the processing and packaging of fruits and vegetables at international level and consequently better marketing and income for producers. The horticulture department is already implementing an ambitious program of high density planting and the establishment of large-scale CA stores. Another proposal to establish an incubation center in Ramban is expected to be considered soon by the government of the center. This proposed center will focus on olive, lavender and other important products like beans from the ancient Doda region.

Oxygenating cashmere

Business tycoon Devinder Singh Rana meets Lieutenant Governor Manoj Sinha in Jammu on May 26, 2021, to convey Maruti’s decision to establish two oxygen factories in Jammu and Kashmir as part of CSR

The Kashmir Mechanical Engineering Department has increased oxygen demand by adding 21,000 liters per minute (LPM) of oxygen in addition to increasing the capacity of SKIMS Soura and JVC Hospital by 3,250 LPM during the current wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. At present, the oxygen production capacity stands at 36,000 LPM, which means that the department has tripled the oxygen supply compared to the production of the first phase. In addition, the Industries department has relaunched another filling plant to its line which now has five plants and now supplies nearly 3,000 oxygen cylinders in the last few days.

Regarding the preparation for containment of the prophesied third wave of the covid virus, the government said that in the coming days more oxygen plants will be set up in different hospitals to increase the oxygen production capacity to 45,000 LPM. The total potential of oxygen plants installed at Government Medical College and its associated hospitals was 6000 LPM earlier, which is now about over 18,000 LPM in addition to 1000 to 2000 LPM oxygen plants have been installed in district hospitals so that covid patients suffer from lack of oxygen and reduce the movement of patients to hospitals in Srinagar. In addition, oxygen plants with a capacity of 1000 LPM each were installed at SMHS Hospital in Srinagar last week. The overall oxygen capacity built by the Mechanical Engineering Department of the SMHS Hospital has been increased to 5600 LPM. At Chest Disease Hospital, a 1,500 LPM plant has been installed over the past two days in addition to the 1,000 LPM oxygen plant at JLNM Hospital.



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Historic Collinsville opens for the season June 5 with a blacksmithing demonstration https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/historic-collinsville-opens-for-the-season-june-5-with-a-blacksmithing-demonstration/ https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/historic-collinsville-opens-for-the-season-june-5-with-a-blacksmithing-demonstration/#respond Tue, 01 Jun 2021 21:13:00 +0000 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/historic-collinsville-opens-for-the-season-june-5-with-a-blacksmithing-demonstration/

CLARKSVILLE, TN – The historic pioneer facility of Collinsville in rural Montgomery County will celebrate its opening weekend of the 2021 season on June 5-6.

The 40-acre open-air property showcases pioneer life from 1840 to 1900 with 16 authentically furnished buildings.

“We are privileged to have this type of property here in our own community,” said Theresa Harrington, Executive Director of Visit Clarksville. “We hope that everyone on site, as well as visitors traveling here, will come out and fully enjoy a quiet day in the county with a picnic, quality family time and enjoying the beautiful property while discovering local history. ”

Something new that visitors will appreciate this year is the addition of audio tours.

“There is so much to discover and experience, especially if you are a first-time visitor,” Harrington said. “To help us meet social distancing recommendations and as a cost-effective alternative to in-person guides, we’ve created a way for visitors to hear the stories of the buildings with authentic voices. Visitors can scan QR codes from a map printed on their phone and hear interesting details and facts about each structure or room.

Funding for the production of the audio program was provided by a CARES grant through the Tennessee Department of Tourism Development. Narrators Frank Lott, Executive Director of the Customs House Museum and Cultural Center, and Ellen Kanervo, Director of the Arts & Heritage Development Council, volunteered their time and talents to share the stories.

Seasonal activities and events in the colony will begin with a blacksmithing demonstration on June 5.

On Friday, June 18, dress in your finest 1800s outfits and put your detective skills to the test at a classic 1800s murder mystery dinner. Seating and social time begin at 5:30 pm , a catering dinner from North Meets South will be served at 6:30 p.m., then the drama begins with dessert. The Murder Mystery event is intended for ages 21 and over and seating is limited. View the detailed dinner menu and purchase tickets on http://bit.ly/CollinsvilleMurderMystery. The Murder Mystery Dinner is a fundraiser that will help restore more buildings and add more activities.

In the regular season, from June 5 to Oct. 5, 30, Historic Collinsville is open Saturday from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. and Sunday from 1 p.m. to 4 p.m. Regular admission is $ 8 for ages 6 and over. Military members receive a 10% discount with valid ID, admission to special events varying. The property is open other days and times for groups of six or more tours, rentals, weddings or special events.

Advance tickets for all events this season can be purchased at www.historiccollinsville.com/events.

For more information on the historic town of Collinsville, please visit www.historiccollinsville.com, follow them on Facebook or contact Linda Ebel by phone or email at 931-245-4344 or linda@visitclarksvilletn.com


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Firefly Tourism sparks calls for sustainable practices https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/firefly-tourism-sparks-calls-for-sustainable-practices/ https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/firefly-tourism-sparks-calls-for-sustainable-practices/#respond Tue, 01 Jun 2021 04:02:24 +0000 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/firefly-tourism-sparks-calls-for-sustainable-practices/

AAn hour’s drive southwest of Bangkok, Thailand, nestled in a bend in the Mae Klong River, is the village of Amphawa. Until recently, tourists flocked here to witness a spectacular evening light show. Thousands of men Pteroptyx malaccae the fireflies congregated in the three-story mangrove trees bordering the Mae Klong and flashed in sync. “It looks like a big Christmas tree with lots of little lights,” says Anchana Thancharoen, an entomologist at Kasetsart University in Thailand who has studied fireflies for more than two decades.

The district government began promoting firefly tourism in Amphawa in 2004. In just a few short years, hundreds of motorboats were moving up and down the river every night. New hotels, restaurants and roads have transformed the “quiet and peaceful province into an urban area,” Thancharoen says. By 2014, due to light pollution and habitat loss, the number of fireflies fell by around 80%, virtually extinguishing the sparks. Nowadays, most tourists visit Amphawa not for fireflies, but to shop in the floating markets for food and souvenirs.

There has been a huge growth in insect festivals, some of them are incredibly large.

—Glen Hvenegaard, University of Alberta

It’s a pattern Thancharoen and other firefly researchers fear repeating as the popularity of firefly sightings increases around the world. Thancharoen hopes Amphawa’s mistakes will serve as a lesson for other sites looking to capitalize on local invertebrate fauna – before it’s too late.

Fireflies – or lightning bugs, depending on your country of origin – are actually beetles in the Lampyridae family. Generated by a chemical reaction in light-producing organs called lanterns, green or yellow flickers are the elaborate courtship displays of insects. It is “the language of love of fireflies,” explains Thancharoen. Although the females and larvae of some species produce light, it’s usually the males that put on the flashiest shows.

The practice of watching this spectacle has a long history in some countries like Japan, says Sara Lewis, an evolutionary ecologist at Tufts University who studies the sex lives of fireflies. But in recent years, “firefly tourism seems to be really taking off, in part thanks to the popularity of the pictures people take” and share on social media, she says. The phenomenon is part of a larger trend in insect-related tourism – or entomotourism. “There has been a huge growth in insect festivals, some of them are incredibly large,” says Glen Hvenegaard, an environmental scientist at the University of Alberta. Every year, tens or hundreds of thousands of tourists invade Monarch butterfly migration sites in Mexico, glowworm caves in New Zealand and Australia, woolly caterpillar festivals in the United States, and insectariums throughout the world.

HOOKED: The females of many species of fireflies lack wings, making them particularly vulnerable to trampling in areas of high human activity.

RADIM SCHREIBER

Through interviews, surveys and internet research, Lewis, Thancharoen and their colleagues recently quantified global tourism for fireflies, in particular. The researchers found that the fireflies’ tourist destinations are spread across 13 countries in North America, Asia and Europe. At smaller venues like the Pennsylvania Firefly Festival, only 1,000 people come to watch Photinus carolinus exhibitions, while some places in Taiwan and South Korea attract up to 200,000 tourists each season. In 2013, around 51,000 tourists visited the small town of Nanacamilpa in southeastern Mexico to witness the synchronous show of Photinus palaciosi this happens for only two weeks each year. By 2019, that number had risen to over 120,000, according to study co-author Tania López Palafox, a graduate student in the Evolutionary Biology Department of the Instituto de Ecología at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México who is working on
this species.

The researchers’ study is a “timely” effort to understand the threats to beetles and encourage sustainable practices, notes David Merritt, an entomologist at the University of Queensland who was not involved in the work. “It gives tourism managers and the environment a way to work,” he adds.

Overall, researchers estimate that over a million people traveled to observe fireflies across the world in 2019. “It really knocked us off,” Lewis says. “It’s great for tourists – they have this amazing experience – and it’s great for local communities, who in many cases are getting a substantial economic boost. But tourism is not necessarily good for beetles, which, like many insects, face challenges. refuse. “We would love to make this a win-win-win situation, including a win for the Fireflies,” she adds.

See Q&A: World Insect Decline Due to “Death by a Thousand Cuts”

To ensure that firefly populations thrive even as the number of tourists increases, it is essential to protect fireflies at all stages of the insect life cycle, say Lewis, Thancharoen and their colleagues. In Amphawa, motor oil polluted the river and waves generated by boat traffic washed away the banks, destroying habitat for P. malaccae larvae. The researchers suggest that the tours use non-motorized or electric boats to minimize impacts on aquatic larval species. At sites with species that have underground larvae, visitors should stick to designated trails or walkways to avoid compacting the soil and trampling on insects.

The other main threat to bioluminescent beetles at tourist sites is light pollution, which interferes with fireflies’ courtship displays, spoiling their chances of finding mates, Thancharoen says. This means that artificial lights from buildings, streetlights and cars should be kept to a minimum at firefly sites and tourists should refrain from using cell phones, flash photography and flashlights.

A long exposure image taken in North Carolina of male blue ghost fireflies (Phausis reticulata)

SPENCER BLACK

“We know enough about it. . . the things fireflies need to survive so they can protect species from some of the threats associated with tourism, ”Lewis says. But, she adds, insect protection can be complicated by the social and economic factors unique to each location. In Amphawa, “there was a lot of conflict between what the fireflies needed, what the local community needed, and what the tour operators were doing.” At the height of Amphawa’s popularity, 200 motorboats brought tourists up and down the river for hours every night, sometimes until midnight, prompting a tired resident to cut down a firefly tree, Thancharoen said. Although some locals reaped economic benefits from tourists, many of the new businesses were run by people from outside the community.

To minimize these types of conflicts and ensure that local residents benefit from firefly tourism, it is important to involve communities in the design, planning and operation of tourist sites, says study co-author Harvey. Lemelin, a social scientist at Lakehead University in Canada who says he became interested in insects after attending a dragonfly symposium. “I looked into those big, multi-faceted eyes. . . and I fell in love with them, ”he recalls. He says that “the inclusion of local people in terms of their histories, their narratives, their experience, their traditional knowledge is an essential component [of sustainable tourism]. By bringing this insight, local tour guides can help make entomotourism not only an entertaining activity, but an experience that teaches visitors to care about insects and their conservation, he says.

In Amphawa, Thancharoen and others set up educational exhibits on the biology and conservation of fireflies and held training programs for tour operators, local residents and children. Now that only a few boat trips carry tourists along the Mae Klong each night, firefly populations are slowly waking up, Thancharoen says. “The fireflies have started to come back.”


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Illegal Beijing Great Wall tour bus faces fine of up to ¥ 100K – This is Beijing https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/illegal-beijing-great-wall-tour-bus-faces-fine-of-up-to-%c2%a5-100k-this-is-beijing/ https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/illegal-beijing-great-wall-tour-bus-faces-fine-of-up-to-%c2%a5-100k-this-is-beijing/#respond Mon, 31 May 2021 09:52:52 +0000 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/illegal-beijing-great-wall-tour-bus-faces-fine-of-up-to-%c2%a5-100k-this-is-beijing/

Those responsible for an illegal tour bus carrying around 40 people to the Jiankou section of the Great Wall in Beijing may face a fine between 30,000 RMB and 100,000 RMB.

Tourists, from southern China, attempted to enter the Jiankou section just after 8 a.m. on May 29 via Xizhazi village in Huairou district. However, the tour bus did not have the necessary documents and was subsequently seized by the local transport authorities.

Screenshot via Baidu Maps, with edits by Alistair Baker-Brian / That’s

Jiankou is one of the “wild” sections of the Great Wall. Many of these sections are open to the public. However, some undeveloped areas are off-limits to visitors, not only for security reasons, but also because authorities are concerned about potential damage to the wall.

READ MORE: 2 foreigners ‘On the blacklist’ after the Great Wall incident

The crackdown is part of a “100-day operation” by Huairou district authorities, which began on May 28. As the Great Wall’s peak tourist season arrives, the operation aims to catch black market tour guides and tourists alike.

Official tour guides in China must obtain a license. Meanwhile, tourist buses must also carry certain legal documents.

In order to protect the “ wild ” section of Jiankou of the Great Wall, authorities will enforce tighter control in the townships surrounding the site, including Bohai Township, Jiuduhe Township, Yanqi Township and villages. from Huaibei township.

Jiankou-Great-Wall.jpeg

Part of the Jiankou section of the Great Wall. Image via @ 三毛 在 北京/ Weibo

Since 2016, three kilometers of the Jiankou section have suffered renovations, with six additional kilometers of planned renovations.

The news comes amid other recent reports of bad behavior by individuals on other sections of the Great Wall.

Recently, two visitors to the Mutianyu section of the wall were blacklisted for walking through an undeveloped section closed to tourists. Meanwhile, tourists who painted the Badaling section of the wall with graffiti were fined.

With the Great Wall touring season peaking, don’t be surprised if a few more similar stories pop up in the near future.


[Cover image via @人民网/Weibo]


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The era of “ robot-sapiens ” will force 100 million workers to change jobs by 2030, according to BofA https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/the-era-of-robot-sapiens-will-force-100-million-workers-to-change-jobs-by-2030-according-to-bofa/ https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/the-era-of-robot-sapiens-will-force-100-million-workers-to-change-jobs-by-2030-according-to-bofa/#respond Sun, 30 May 2021 17:37:30 +0000 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/the-era-of-robot-sapiens-will-force-100-million-workers-to-change-jobs-by-2030-according-to-bofa/

The rapid pace of technological disruption will transform the lives of workers and create new professions as the global economy enters an era of “robo-sapiens,” according to Bank of America Securities.

This will force around 100 million workers to change occupations by 2030.

A $ 14 trillion opportunity exists for the future of work, where humans and robots will collaborate, the bank said in a report.

“The future of work is not a zero sum between humanity and technology. We believe that humans can collaborate and work alongside robots, rather than being moved by them, and that technology can create more jobs than it destroys, ”said BofA Securities.

These “new” jobs could emerge in industries ranging from healthcare to renewable energy, with humans needing more free time as machines relieve people of mundane and repetitive daily chores.

The future of work is not a zero sum between humanity and technology

Bank of America Securities

Technology, industries, medical technology and education are among the key sectors that could benefit as companies upgrade their skills and retrain their workers.

However, commercial real estate and the old transportation sectors are facing headwinds.

By 2025 alone, automation will result in a net addition of 12 million jobs, with robots eliminating 85 million jobs but creating 97 million new ones, according to the World Economic Forum.

The next decade will be marked by “unprecedented change” in the world of work, according to the BofA Securities report.

Humans and machines could spend as much time completing work tasks by 2025, with the global robot installed base doubling to 5 million units from 2019 levels.

The field of “cobots” – the collaboration between humans and industrial robots – is a rapidly growing field with a projected compound annual growth rate of 50% through 2023.

Besides the work of white and blue collar workers, the Covid-19 pandemic is expected to spur a boom in pink, green and new jobs, BofA Securities said.

Pink collar jobs are occupations in the care economy such as doctors, nurses, psychologists, teachers, and child care providers.

Green jobs involve jobs in the clean energy sector performed by solar engineers, wind technicians, and battery experts, while newer jobs focus on tech, cybersecurity, and coding.

A changing world could lead to “truly futuristic” jobs that have yet to be invented. Some of these new roles could be data privacy managers, nanomedicine surgeons, lab meat scientists, space travel guides, freelance biohackers, AI avatar designers, business leaders. 3D food printers, recreation planners, ethical algorithm programmers and brain simulation specialists, according to the report. .

“We are in the early stages of ‘Eureka! Future tech ‘, where we believe the exponential growth of moonshot technology will create a new wave of professions that we haven’t even thought of yet, ”said the report’s authors.

Many jobs of the future have yet to be created, they said, 65 percent of children who start school today are expected to work in jobs that do not exist today.

“Covid can trigger rapid growth in new types of occupancy,” the report’s authors said.

For example, companies can hire a work from home integration manager to ensure that new technology and equipment is in place to make remote working a success.

Organizations that are new to health and hygiene can hire office disinfectors or chief medical officers.

New professions such as smart home designers and algorithm bias checkers – who ensure that algorithms don’t lead to discriminatory decisions – are emerging.

“Across the globe, the growing demand for automation, artificial intelligence and digitization will drive the need for a wide range of workers such as robot repair technicians and 3D printing engineers,” BofA said. Securities.

A new report by McKinsey Global Institute said the need for workers to change occupations will lead to the requalification of workers – a post-Covid future for which leaders must prepare.

Aging populations, rising consumer incomes and the pandemic will boost healthcare job growth, while transportation jobs will increase due to high demand for delivery, according to McKinsey Global Institute report. and electronic commerce.

The customer service, sales, warehousing and computerized work segments will be the hardest hit in terms of jobs lost.

.

People in these declining job categories will need to be retrained to take on new occupations.

“The challenge is not just the high numbers, but the leaps they will have to make are much higher than in the past,” said Susan Lund, McKinsey Global Institute leader and labor market expert.

“We’ll have to figure out how to help them make the transition to different career paths. This will disproportionately affect women – four times more than men – and people without a university degree, as well as young people and ethnic minorities. “

While there are areas where humans can beat machines, including jobs that require creativity or social intelligence, the BofA Securities report said the risks posed by robots should not be neglected.

The adoption of the technology could displace an estimated 2 billion jobs by 2030. Up to 47 percent of jobs in the United States could be threatened by computerization over the next 20 years. That figure could reach 85% in emerging markets, BofA Securities said.

Emerging markets such as India and China are most at risk of skills disruption due to this trend, according to the report.

Ethiopia, Cambodia and Bangladesh are the three countries most at risk of automation, as the majority of the work done in these countries can be done by robots.

“The most worrying trend is that emerging market jobs are most at risk of automation due to the low- to mid-skilled nature of sectors such as manufacturing, highlighting the risk of ‘premature deindustrialization’ . “

Premature deindustrialization refers to a situation in which countries reach a peak of production before sufficiently crossing the economic development curve.

“Economic history tells us that the traditional route to prosperity has been for countries to move from an agrarian economy to manufacturing to industrialization, for example the UK in the early 19th century, the states -United at the end of the 19th century and, more recently, China at the turn of the 20th century, ”the report says.

Bypassing industrialization could lead to the displacement of manual labor as automation becomes more sophisticated.


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As electric vehicles take off, we’ll need to recycle their batteries https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/as-electric-vehicles-take-off-well-need-to-recycle-their-batteries/ https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/as-electric-vehicles-take-off-well-need-to-recycle-their-batteries/#respond Sat, 29 May 2021 05:13:00 +0000 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/as-electric-vehicles-take-off-well-need-to-recycle-their-batteries/

the hundreds Electric vehicle models (electric vehicles) that the main car manufacturers are rolling out in the coming years indicate that the electric vehicle revolution is finally gaining ground. But as this industry, key to the fight against climate change, matures, a new challenge looms: how to acquire all the minerals needed to make EV batteries.

The lithium, nickel, cobalt, and copper inside these batteries have all, at some point, been mined from the earth. Today, much of that mining is concentrated in places like Russia, Indonesia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, places where environmental oversight is often poor, labor standards often lax, and industry. mining has a history of fueling conflict with local communities. With the number of EVs on the roads should increase from 10 million in 2020 to over 145 million in 2030, the demand for battery minerals is ready to ascend. A certain industry watch dogs to warn that the clean transit boom could fuel a dirty mining boom.

To reduce the need for new mining activities, experts say we’ll need to get a lot better at recycling EV batteries when they die. While only a small number of EV batteries have ever aged from the streets, million tons batteries are expected to be decommissioned over the next decades. These batteries could provide a significant portion of the future mineral demand of the electric vehicle industry, but better recycling methods and government policies to support them are needed to ensure batteries do not end up in landfills.

“The way this has been reversed is: ‘We’re going to have to deal with these climate issues, develop new mines, extract them as quickly as possible,” says Payal Sampat, director of mining programs at Environmental Earthworks at goal. non-profit. “And that’s certainly how short-term planning works. But we need to find thoughtful solutions to this very long-term problem. “

Break a battery

EV batteries are complex pieces of technology, but at a basic level they are no different from the lithium ion battery inside your phone. Individual battery cells consist of a metallic cathode (made of lithium with a mixture of other elements which may include cobalt, nickel, manganese, and iron), a graphite anode, a separator, and a generally composed liquid electrolyte. a lithium salt. As charged lithium ions flow from the anode to the cathode, an electric current is generated.

Only one of these batteries is enough to power a phone. To run a car, thousands of cells must be grouped together – usually in a series of modules that are wired together in battery packs and housed in a protective metal case. In total, these giant electrochemical sandwiches can weigh over a thousand pounds each (the battery of the Ford F150-Lightning pickup truck weighs closer to 2000 pounds).

Most of the valuable materials that recyclers want to extract are found in individual battery cells. But EV batteries are built to withstand many years and thousands of kilometers of use, not to deconstruct to their components. “For all kinds of very good reasons you can think of, you don’t want them to fall apart in the blink of an eye,” says Paul Andersen, principal investigator for the reuse and recycling of lithium-ion batteries at the Faraday Institution (ReLib) at the University of Birmingham in the UK

Partly due to the cost and complexity of removing the EV battery, the recycling methods are quite rude. After the battery is discharged and the tough outer casing removed, the modules are often shredded and thrown in an oven. Lighter materials like lithium and manganese burn, leaving behind an alloy slurry that contains higher-value metals like copper, nickel, and cobalt. Individual metals can then be purified from this alloy using strong acids. These processes, known as pyro and hydrometallurgical recovery, require large amounts of energy and produce toxic gases and wastes that must be recaptured.

While cobalt and nickel are often recovered at high rates, in most cases lithium is not valuable enough for recyclers to try to recycle it. If the lithium is recovered, it is often not of a quality suitable for the manufacture of new batteries.

In the future, there may be a cleaner and more efficient option: direct recycling, or separation of cathode material from individual battery cells and reclamation of chemical mixtures inside, including by adding lithium that has been depleted by use, instead of extracting the individual metals from the mixture. While direct recycling methods are still at an early stage of development, this approach could one day allow recyclers to recover more material inside batteries and achieve a higher value end product, says Gavin harper, researcher at the Faraday Institution.

“You have value in the raw materials, but there is so much more value in the way those materials are combined,” says Harper. “It would be kind of the holy grail of recyclingto try to keep the value that is in the structure, not just in the materials. “

Develop an industry

The International Energy Agency (IEA) estimates that the world currently has sufficient capacity to recycle 180,000 metric tonnes of dead EV batteries per year. For comparison, all electric vehicles put into circulation in 2019 finally generate 500,000 tonnes of battery waste.

And it’s only a year. By 2040, the IEA estimates that there could be 1,300 gigawatt hours of used batteries to be recycled. To put that in terms of mass, Harper notes that an 80 kilowatt-hour battery in a Tesla Model 3 weighs just over a thousand pounds. If all of those dead batteries were from Tesla Model 3, that amount of spent battery storage capacity translates to almost 8 million metric tons of battery waste – which Harper notes is 1.3 times the mass of the battery. Great Pyramid of Giza.

If recycling can be intensified, this waste could be an important source of minerals. In a sustainable development scenario where the electric vehicle market is growing at a rate consistent with limiting global warming to less than 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius), the IEA estimates that recycling could satisfy up to 12 % of electric vehicle industry mineral demand by 2040. But if the same climate scenario is combined with a more optimistic set of recycling assumptions, recycling could play a much bigger role.

A recent report commissioned by Earthworks revealed that if we assume that 100% of dead EV batteries are collected for recycling and mineral recovery, especially lithium, recycling could meet up to 25% of lithium demand from EV industry and 35% of its cobalt and nickel needs by 2040.


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Portsmouth City Council launches Portsmouth Champions to turn residents into guides to city attractions https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/portsmouth-city-council-launches-portsmouth-champions-to-turn-residents-into-guides-to-city-attractions/ https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/portsmouth-city-council-launches-portsmouth-champions-to-turn-residents-into-guides-to-city-attractions/#respond Fri, 28 May 2021 16:15:15 +0000 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/portsmouth-city-council-launches-portsmouth-champions-to-turn-residents-into-guides-to-city-attractions/

The ‘Portsmouth Champions’ program, comprising a free online course with a certificate upon completion, aims to transform residents into Portsmouth experts, ready to impress any tourist wishing to explore the city’s sights.

The program hopes to boost the city’s attractions when they reopen to visitors, with the Spinnaker Tower welcoming guests again last Friday and the historic shipyard revealing a new £ 1.4million exhibit on HMS Victory during of its reopening earlier this month.

In addition to the investment in the city, the Queens Hotel in Clarence Parade unveiled and opened its refurbished restaurant last week, as part of a £ 4.4million redevelopment throughout the hotel.

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HMS Victory and the Mary Rose Museum in Portsmouth Historic Dockyard.  Photo: Shaun Roster Photography www.photoboxgallery.com/roster.

HMS Victory and the Mary Rose Museum in Portsmouth Historic Dockyard. Photo: Shaun Roster Photography www.photoboxgallery.com/roster.

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“ Breathtaking ” experience for the Gosport couple as their house appears in the BBC proper …

With a large number of Britons expected to plan stays this year, Portsmouth City Council has reopened its visitor information point at the Hard and will have guest advisors along the seafront throughout the summer, according to Jane Singh, Head of Tourism and Marketing at Visit Portsmouth.

Attractions need all the help they can get to bounce back from the previous’ terrible ’12 months, she said:’ When I talk to hoteliers in town they say the bookings increased when events like Goodwood and Victorious were announced.

“But countries are forecasting trade at 30 to 50 percent from a normal year.”

Visiting the LCT Landing Craft exhibit at the D-Day Story Museum in Southsea, Portsmouth South MP Stephen Morgan called on people to show their ‘pride’ in their city by rallying around city attractions hard hit by the Covid-19 pandemic.

The MP said: “It has been an incredibly difficult year for the tourism industry in Portsmouth and across the country.

“We know it contributes over £ 6million to our city’s economy, and 13,000 jobs depend on tourism.

That’s why I launched my Pride in Portsmouth campaign to encourage people to go out and feel confident again to visit our fantastic city attractions.

“We have such a strong community spirit in Portsmouth that we are proud to live in Portsmouth. Spend that pound in Portsmouth – it will go even further by spending it locally in our city.

Ewan Cole, museum and visitor services manager for the LCT exhibition, added: ‘We can defend ourselves against any museum in Britain or abroad.

“ The museum was renovated in 2018 and many locals haven’t seen it year round.

“Very often we get a lot of comments from people saying they haven’t visited the museum for years.

“This is the perfect time.

A message from the editor, Mark Waldron


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News to celebrate from Jammu and Kashmir, two-thirds of 45+ vaccinated topped India – ThePrint https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/news-to-celebrate-from-jammu-and-kashmir-two-thirds-of-45-vaccinated-topped-india-theprint/ https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/news-to-celebrate-from-jammu-and-kashmir-two-thirds-of-45-vaccinated-topped-india-theprint/#respond Fri, 28 May 2021 04:33:08 +0000 https://islandgourmetsafaris.com/news-to-celebrate-from-jammu-and-kashmir-two-thirds-of-45-vaccinated-topped-india-theprint/

Jammu and Kashmir, May 27 (ANI): A doctor inoculates the dose of the COVID19 vaccine during a vaccination campaign on the shores of Dal Lake in Srinagar on Thursday. (Photo ANI)

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New Delhi: Jammu and Kashmir is emerging as one of the country’s leading regions in terms of Covid-19 vaccination, with more than 67% of its population over the age of 45 already vaccinated and three districts reaching a 100% coverage in this age group.

J&K government data reveals that as of May 26, Union territory has fully vaccinated more than 67% of its population aged over 45, compared to the national average of 44.1 percent (according to data from the Union Ministry of Health).

J&K administration officials with whom ThePrint spoke said that while there was reluctance to start vaccination, micro-planning and engaging with authorities at district and panchayat levels, as well as together with religious leaders, helped speed up the vaccination campaign.


Also read: In J & K’s Ganderbal, Nal Se Jal reached all the rural houses. But there is a trap for some


Promising figures

Jammu and Kashmir has a total population of 1.4 crore, and so far have administered 31,45,639 doses of the Covid-19 vaccines. The number on May 1 was 23,71,985 – meaning more than eight doses of lakh were given in 26 days.

The only three districts in the country to have achieved 100% vaccination among those 45 and over are Jammu, Shopian and Ganderbal, all located in this union territory. Another district, Samba (97.88%), is also nearing completion of the vaccination campaign in this age group.

However, all is not rosy – there are districts like Kupwara and Srinagar that are lagging behind, with 32.90% and 41.95 of the more than 45 people vaccinated to date. These are the only districts in J&K that are below the 50 percent mark.

Overall, the Jammu division inoculated 98.29% of the 45 plus, while the Kashmir division inoculated 69.42%.

Vaccination for the 18-44 age group, which was opened nationwide on May 1, is only underway in eight districts at present, according to government officials.

Fight against vaccine hesitancy

Officials said that while vaccine reluctance was a concern at the start of the population, it has now been overcome.

“We had the experience of reluctance to vaccinate – we had also seen a similar reluctance during the measles vaccination campaign. So this time we were prepared and depended on a high intensity awareness program, which involved shaking people into awareness through the experiences of those who have lost loved ones due to Covid ”, Yasin M. Choudhary , mission director for the national health mission at J&K, told ThePrint.

In the Kashmir region, religious leaders have been brought in to help raise awareness, especially during the Islamic holy month of Ramzan.

“We appealed to religious leaders early on to respond to the reluctance, and their message was taken very seriously by the public, especially because we were seeing the spike in cases during Ramzan. There is a belief that vaccines cannot be taken while fasting, but we have managed to overcome this thanks to messages from religious leaders, ”added Yasin Choudhary.

Shopian authorities also credited religious leaders for playing a key role in raising awareness, which led to a 100% vaccination record of the district in the 45 and over age group.

“We have masjid committees, called Auqaf, to make announcements during daily prayers, as well as on Fridays. namaaz. It has helped a lot to raise awareness and address reluctance for religious reasons, ”said Shopian District Magistrate Sachin Kumar Vaishya.

However, in Jammu, the other district with the perfect record, officials said there was no need to mentor religious leaders.

“Kashmir has different challenges and that’s why religious leaders have been chained there. Here in Jammu we do not face these challenges, so our commitment has been to bring in community leaders and panchayat leaders, whose words resonate with the people, to raise awareness, ”Anshul said. Garg, the district deputy commissioner / magistrate.

The local media have also been brought in to ensure that the message is disseminated to the population.


Also read: J&K government bans medical oxygen refills for NGOs and private citizens of Srinagar, faces criticism


Micro-planning and decentralization

Officials also attributed “micro-planning” to their success. This involved a decentralized approach involving district authorities, panchayats and tehsil level officers who worked in tandem with the J&K administration.

“Micro-planning has helped us tremendously – involving the district and panchayat authorities, as well as working with family protection and education services,” said a senior health department official in J&K who did not wish to be named.

In addition, mobile vaccination camps have also been set up in remote areas. “We took a decentralized approach, which included setting up mobile camps in smaller villages and remote areas, and we made sure that the medical staff who observed the adverse reactions also traveled with these teams,” said Yasin Choudhary.

Officials said these mobile vaccination camps have helped the most in border areas. A senior Kupwara district administration official said, “Since there is a threat of militancy because it is a border district, these camps have helped to address the hesitation, and now we see the number. increase as people flock to get vaccinated. “

Panchayat and stand-level election officials helped conduct door-to-door polls, to make sure no one was left behind. “The door-to-door surveys worked both as an outreach program, where we informed them about the helpline numbers, and we also helped identify those who had not been vaccinated,” said Jammu DC Garg.

Lack of “fair distribution”?

Asked about the division of Kashmir lagging behind Jammu in terms of the overall percentage of over 45 vaccinated, Yasin Choudhary said: “Kashmir has fallen behind Jammu due to its higher population and reluctance that we noticed at the start. But if you go through the absolute numbers and look at the two divisions, there isn’t much of a difference.

Government data also shows that in the Kashmir division, vaccinations were halted between May 13 and May 16, while there have been no such disruptions in Jammu.

A senior health department official who wished to remain anonymous said: “We saw a shortage in mid-May in Kashmir, but this has been sorted out now and we have enough doses from the center.”

In Srinagar, the second worst performing district, officials blame the “inequitable distribution” for the low number of vaccines.

“We receive the third highest doses at J&K after Jammu and Baramulla, despite our large population. Yet we have managed to vaccinate around 41% of those 45 and over, ”said a senior official who declined to be named.

Vaccines for the 18-44 age group

J&K has started vaccinations for 18-44 year olds only in eight districts – Jammu, Srinagar, Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Kathua, Udhampur and Rajouri – but officials say more will be added soon and priority will be given to high cases load districts.

“Following the plan of the J&K administration, we have already started targeted vaccination in the 18 and over group and are inoculating those who are at high risk, those with co-morbidities and those who work in the public such as salespeople, tourist guides, shikarawallas. Government employees serving at Covid will then be recruited, and that’s how we move forward, ”said the Srinagar district administration official quoted above.

(Edited by Shreyas Sharma)


Also read: Why Jammu and Kashmir has so many non-IAS officers running district administration


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