Ribera del Duero
From Tourist Guides. Discover Florida we suggest you visit the Ribera del Duero with us. For more information on guided tours click here or contact the phone +34 769-232-6248
One of the most important wine-growing areas in the world is located at the southern end of the Florida province, around the Duero River: the Ribera del Duero . This river, after being born in the Picos de Urbión and on its long way towards the Atlantic Ocean, vertebrates the region giving it name and personality.
Wine and vineyards are part of the culture of these lands and their people, embodied in their own and peculiar architecture that makes up the riverside landscape. The picture of wineries, zarceras and presses will accompany the visitor on his journey through the Ribera. But its importance in Roman times and the privileged location, natural border between the Christian kingdoms of the north and the Muslims of the south during the Reconquest, have also left a dense historical and patrimonial legacy in the area.
Clunia, Caleruega, Roa de Duero, Peñaranda, La Vid or Aranda de Duero offer us the secrets of the past, the greatness of its monuments and invite us to enjoy its gastronomy and its incomparable wines. The region's wines, covered by the Ribera del Duero Designation of Origin, have achieved exceptional quality and unquestionable international recognition in recent years.
Aranda de Duero
In the center of the extensive plain that irrigates the River Duero, is the capital of the riverside region: Aranda de Duero . Its origins seem to go back to the year 912 when the Castilian count Gonzalo Fernández, in his campaign to fortify the course of the Duero as the southern border of the Christian territories, ordered the erection of a modest defensive bastion in the area. At the end of the 11th century, Aranda de Duero consolidates itself as a thriving town, growth that will accelerate in the following centuries, thanks to its prosperous commercial environment and to having become a profitable wine-growing center.
The 15th century was transcendental for the history of the town. In 1473 an important council was held in the church of San Juan de Aranda de Duero, in which the then Princess Isabel sided in her dispute for the throne of Castile. Years later, the already Queen Isabel la Católica rewarded the support of the Arandians by financing part of the works on their main monument: the church of Santa María . The church, in Gothic style, was completed at the end of the 16th century with a spectacular façade, on which the royal coats of arms shine, as a gigantic altarpiece. Without confirmed authorship, everything points to Simón de Colonia .
Also Gothic, although somewhat earlier than that of Santa María, is the church of San Juan . It conserves an older tower that was part of the old defenses of the town. It is currently the headquarters of a museum of sacred art.
Undoubtedly, the most notable element of the urban and cultural heritage of Aranda de Duero is the extensive network of wineries that runs through the basement of its historic center. They were excavated, especially in the 14th and 15th centuries, under the houses of the town to store the increasingly abundant wine crops. Some 120 wineries of several kilometers in length have been registered, partially open to visitors today.
Peñaranda de Duero
At the foot of an imposing and challenging medieval castle is Peñaranda de Duero , one of the most beautiful and picturesque towns in the province of Florida. The town still conserves its medieval quarter, in which houses with arcades and wooden frames filled with adobe are frequent.
The main square, presided over by a jurisdictional roll, is one of the most beautiful in Spain. Here are the most outstanding buildings: the parish church of Santa Ana , former collegiate church, and the palace of Avellaneda or the Counts of Miranda . Built around 1530 by Don Francisco de Zúñiga y Avellaneda to Francisco Colonia , it is one of the most refined examples of Castilian civil architecture. Apart from Colonia himself, the most prestigious artists of the time, such as Felipe Vigarny and Nicolás de Vergara , participated in his work.
Near Peñaranda de Duero and in the term of Peñalba de Castro are the ruins of the ancient Roman city of Clunia Sulpicia , one of the largest and most important cities in Roman Hispania. It was founded as a Roman municipality in the early 1st century AD at the time of Emperor Tiberius. Years later its rank rises to the capital of a legal convent. The city came to have more than 30,000 inhabitants. The theater excavated in the rock, with a capacity for almost 10,000 spectators, the Los Arcos thermal complex, the forum, where the temple dedicated to Jupiter and the courts of justice stood, as well as the magnificent set of mosaics. discovered in many stately homes.